The very word Truth means a fact or a belief which no one can doubt. And this the same fact, the Truth finding whether there is a method which is indubitable resulted in the following explanation.
There was a search for truth and still is going on. Many philosophers tried to get an answer and wanted to reach to this fact that to arrive at TRUTH which cannot be doubted. Basing on one of the philosopher who tries to give us his method in Rene Descartes. By my general observation and general living whether I say ‘It is True ‘, on believes , but a problem rises on surface whether it is really true. I would like to begin from skeptics. They doubted everything. Then any particular idea could survive this extreme challenge, the skeptical challenge, then this will be truly indubitable and therefore a perfect foundation for knowledge.
Rene Descartes in his attempt tries to give us a method to find the truth. He goes on by saying that the first thing we must do to find truth is to get rid of ones own biases that we have about things. He in a flexible way uses mathematical truths so as to give his explanations, says are Universal Truths. Universally accepted by all because they are certain and these can be shown by evidence. Using Mathematical Truths as his Basic foundation he suggests a solution that is ‘Cogito ergo sum’ that is at least I need to be sure of something which cannot be doubted I am, I exist is necessarily true whenever the thought occurs to me. I can doubt everything like the skeptics, but as prescribed in his meditations the very fact that I am having experiences means I am alive and I exist. This is what I cannot doubt and is indubitable.
I can tell whether the idea is clear- If I am able to tell what it is, its content in details, its apartness from other things, the very fact that I can distinguish it from other ideas is itself a solution to find the truth. Rene Descartes method to find the truth is ’ The clarity and distinctness of our ideas’ is a criterion for truth.
Knowledge is the beginning to find the truth and also for a method to find the truth, similar as freedom as beginning and liberty as the end. Descartes in his Meditation IV says to arrive at truth is to avoid making mistakes and limiting my claims to knowledge to those things I know clearly and distinctly.
Roger Rorty in his book Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature speaks about truths saying Important feature and the necessary feature of the comparison is than when knowing a proposition is true is to be identified with being caused to do something by an object. He says that the Mathematical truths will not let themselves be misjudged or misreported. In his book Rorty says that an idea is true if it works, there is no final ends in either philosophy or life.
Rorty in his book Truth and Progress writes saying that if the cautionary use of ‘ true ‘ is to point that justification is relative to an audience and that we can never exclude the possibility that some better audience might exist, or come to exist, to whom a belief that is justifiable to us would not be justifiable. There can be no such thing as an ideal audience before which justification would be sufficient to ensure truth. The more justification would be sufficient to ensure truth. The more justification we offer of our belief, the more likelier it is that belief is true.
· Carvalho, Bosco. Modern Western Philosophy (Class Notes.) Nashik: Divyadaan Salesian Institute of Philosophy, 2015.
· Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and Mirror of Nature. Cowley Road: Blackwell Publishers, 1986.
· Rorty, Richard. Truth and Progress: Philosophical papers. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.